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From Chandra X-Ray Space Telescope to Hong Kong International Airport here are 12 of the World’s Most Insane Engineering Marvels. Subscribe to Talltanic http://goo.gl/wgfvrr 6. Chandra X-Ray Space Telescope Along with the Hubble Space Telescope Chandra is one of NASA’s most advanced space observatories. Chandra has advanced astronomers knowledge of stars, galaxies, black holes and the origin of life inducing elements. It was appropriately and fittingly named after Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, whose work on black holes earned him a Nobel Prize in physics in 1983. Originally launched in 1999 the observatories longevity and scientific value has made it one of NASA’s most successful missions. In 2014 Chandra observed the awe-inspiring Tycho supernova remnant, which was created by the explosion of a white dwarf star. 5. Shasta Dam Stretching mightily across the Sacramento River in Northern California construction of the Shasta Dam took place from 1938 to 1945. Once completed it would back up water for over 35 miles to form Shasta Lake, California’s largest reservoir and a place that is visited by millions of vacationers annually. Frank Crowe, who had just helped finish the Hoover Dam oversaw the entire project, which included 4,700 workers building what was the second largest concrete dam in the country. Twelve million tons of gravel was needed for the project. Luckily a substantial supply was located in the nearby city of Redding. To transport this large quantity of gravel the world’s longest conveyor belt was constructed. It was 9.6 miles long and operated 24/7 for several years. 4. Millau Viaduct Soaring high above the clouds, the world was captivated by the Millau Viaduct when it opened in December 2004. The idea that the viaduct only took three years to build is almost as astounding as the bridge itself. Towers on the incredible structure rise to a height of one thousand one hundred and twenty-five feet, making it the tallest bridge in the world. Seven pillars weighing 700 tons each were built for the project that had to be placed in exactly the right place for the bridge to be a success. Multiple satellite signals were used to help pinpoint the right spots for the pillars to be placed. Bridge specialist Michel Virlogeux and renowned British architect Norman Foster were employed to design the Millau Viaduct which is widely regarded as an engineering marvel that has no equal. 3. Hubble Space Telescope Anytime you hear news about a new distant star or planet found in outer space it was likely discovered with the use of the Hubble Space Telescope, which has rested in low Earth orbit since 1990. It's named after Edwin Hubble, who took the largest telescopes of his day to the Mt. Wilson Observatory near Pasadena, California and discovered countless unknown planets and galaxies in the 1920’s. Experts have published over fourteen thousand scientific papers using data from the space telescope, making it one of the most productive instruments of science in history. At launch, it weighed twenty-four thousand pounds, and today it is twenty-seven thousand pounds and 43.5 feet long. 2. Hong Kong International Airport Though the Kansai International Airport in Japan was the first to be entirely built on an artificial island when it opened in 1994, it lies on soft land that has been sinking much more quickly than anticipated, ultimately making the project a potentially colossal failure. The Hong Kong International Airport went a lot better. The project took six years and around twenty billion dollars to build making it one of the biggest projects in the aviation industry. It lies on Chek Lap Kok, an island that is mostly made of land reclaimed for the construction of the airport. The 24-hour airport is one of the busiest in the world and holds one of the Earth’s largest passenger terminal buildings 1. ISS The International Space Station is not only the largest human-made object in orbit, but it also represents a collaboration of nations around the world. Five space agencies (NASA, Russia’s Roscosmos (ross cosmos), the European Space Agency, The Canadian Space Agency and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency) representing fifteen countries were involved in constructing the one hundred billion dollar station. The structure was taken and built piece by piece in orbit and has been continuously occupied since November 2, 2000. Current plans call for ISS to be in operation until 2024, by which time some of its first components will be nearly three decades old.
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Featuring top 11 countries with highest high-speed railway speed limit in the world in 2016. Country with faster operating speed and earlier enforcement are placed higher. Subscribe us: ▶ YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/Engineering8 ▶ Our Tweets: https://twitter.com/YT_Engineering8 ▶ Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/Engineering8Channel ▶ Tumblr: http://engineering8.tumblr.com/ ▶ Google+ page: https://goo.gl/upGvEV CREDITS ======= All materials used in this video are either self-created or taken within CC-BY license and public domain. CC-BY materials: treinenspottersnederland, https://goo.gl/pAo3ZD Dennis van den Berk, https://goo.gl/umuUoM ericleeericlee, https://goo.gl/876Foj wliomsky, https://goo.gl/BdBXJ2 V3K, https://goo.gl/UKnxHN Arnol'd Charyyev, https://goo.gl/aCkm7A cmn0train, https://goo.gl/PZIUPD Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane, https://goo.gl/2rIrgS La Passion Du Rail, https://goo.gl/veQD9v Julio del Castillo Vivero, https://goo.gl/6EDMF9 Janna Travels, https://goo.gl/xls6YG Greg Causey, https://vimeo.com/27419759 Iben Rodriguez, https://goo.gl/w127se Einar Magnus Görgen, https://goo.gl/IgZawV Borkland News, https://goo.gl/echqns francis vlijter, https://goo.gl/Yrg3yj Dynamic, https://goo.gl/Foqqkv , https://goo.gl/QPYhpc , https://goo.gl/6dJvBG PJH Films from KOREA, https://goo.gl/4Z5ve1 by http://epsos.de, https://goo.gl/Ygge46 ASOLTEC, https://goo.gl/aefCg4 週に一度は撮り鉄を。 (Japanese trains!), https://goo.gl/dDD0GI jchighspeedrail, https://goo.gl/biCAkJ , https://goo.gl/4rdTN2 ulaelable, https://goo.gl/dWZscD Sylvain cheminot, https://goo.gl/m9bMXw PRIMEREPORTERS, https://vimeo.com/22737409 Maggetti Productions, Inc., https://vimeo.com/147538829 doc7austin, https://goo.gl/WZBs2i Russell Cameron, https://goo.gl/JKuQC4 антон хайров, https://goo.gl/Tv75Sj Hikosaemon, https://goo.gl/TbmVmY BarsMonster, https://goo.gl/T7Ensv Ron Meerbeek, https://goo.gl/3tZco7
Being a country with over a billion population, transport and utility systems would be in a massive scale like no other country ever experienced. These are China's mega-projects with world records.
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Largest Power Station: Three Gorges Dam.
That also automatically makes it the largest hydroelectric power station on the planet—with maximum output capacity of 22,500 MW from 34 giant turbines. It took nine years long of construction with a staggering 27.6 billion USD, replacing Itaipú Dam that sits in the second place.
by Matthias Alles, https://goo.gl/8zjYwU
Longest Bridge: Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge.
Believe it or not, this 164.8 km (102.4 mi) viaduct is part of world's longest HSR line—Beijing-Shanghai Line in which three long bridges along this line listed in the 10 longest bridges in the world. Viaducts are common for high-speed train for a smooth ride on uneven terrain.
by Leonhard Weese, https://goo.gl/oAWzjX
by Siyuwj, https://goo.gl/9j92dy
by Lian Chang, https://goo.gl/nwxa3A
Longest High-speed Railway Network: China HSR Network.
Currently, China has over 20,000 km (12,000 mi) of high-speed rail route with projection of 38,000 km (23,600 mi) by 2025. Over 1.1 billion ridership registered in 2015 alone.
by Michael Gwyther-Jones, https://goo.gl/FL6zXJ
by Howchou, https://goo.gl/ZupLZy
by антон хайров, https://goo.gl/UBzuDF
Fastest Supercomputer: Sunway TaihuLight.
Listed as the fastest supercomputer on the planet by top500.org since June 2016 at 93 petaflops based on LINPACK benchmark, replacing Tianhe-2, another China's supercomputer. Even astonishing when Sunway TaihuLight 100% relying on homegrown technology especially its CPU.
by FU Haohuan et. al, https://goo.gl/p71Bjp
Highest Bridge: Sidu River Bridge.
This is the world's highest bridge by a maximum vertical drop distance from deck which is about 496 m (1,627 ft). Commissioned in November 2009 with construction cost of 720 million Yuan. Located in southern part of China with plenty of deep gorges and steep hills, many similar rails and highway bridges were highly ranked in this category.
by Glabb, https://goo.gl/uVFutY, https://goo.gl/dlCPmi
Longest Railway Tunnel: Guangzhou Metro Line 3.
Commissioned in 2010 after 5 years of construction, it is longer only by 3.3 km (2 mi) of that newly opened Gotthard Base Tunnel in second place. However there are longer tunnels but most of them function as water transfer.
by 柯宏韜, https://goo.gl/NRYFdF
Largest Building by Floor Area: New Century Global Center.
Located in Chengdu, sixth largest city in China, this multipurpose building has a floor area of 1.7 million square meters (18 mil sq ft).
Most of floor dedicated for retails, however its also offers houses offices, conference rooms, a university complex, two commercial centers, hotels, even water theme park at top of building.
Largest Aperture-filled Telescope: Five-hundred-meter Aperture
Spherical Telescope (FAST).
As its name tells, it has dish with diameter of 500 meter (1,640 ft) made of 4450 triangular panels with 11 meters on each side, in the form of geodesic dome. Begin testing in September 2016, but this radio telescope would be expected to be underutilized due to lack of experts in the area.
Fastest Commercial Operating Train: Shanghai Maglev Train.
Transrapid finally made its first commercial usage of magnetic levitation train as an airport metro ferrying passengers between Longyang Road Station and Pudong international Airport on 30.5 km (19 mi) rail long route. Maximum operating speed is about 431 km/h (268 mph) although its absolute maximum is about 501
km/h (311 mph).
by Hikosaemon, https://goo.gl/TbmVmY
by Victor Cherniavsky, https://goo.gl/KLvFeF
Among Largest engineering mega-project: South–North Water Transfer Project.
It's a multi-decade running project mega-project since Mao Zedong era aim to deliver 44.8 billion cubic meter of fresh water per year from south to more arid and industrialized northern region such as Beijing, Tianjin and Weihai.