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Inside Russian Economy

Russia is the wealthiest country in the world in terms of resources. It has the highest volumes of forests, water lakes, 40% of world palladium and 10% of world oil and gas reserves. It is a mixed economy with state acquiring major sectors of the economy.

By train across Sri Lanka | DW Documentary

Asia’s most beautiful railway line? The “Main Line” cuts through tea plantations and jungle, then passes Buddhist temples and relicts of the British Empire. In the 19th century the British built a railway in what was then their colony of Ceylon. Their idea was to transport goods such as tea from the highlands to the port of Colombo. Today it’s mainly only locals and tourists who use the so-called "Main Line." The route is considered one of the most picturesque in the whole of Asia. Our trip takes us from the capital, Colombo, to Ella in the highlands. Our first stop is one of the country’s largest elephant orphanages. And then on to Kandy, the former capital of the Singhalese kingdom. The city is home to the famous Temple of the Tooth, which is said to house the Buddha’s top left canine. The train then winds its way further up into the highlands. We watch tea pickers at work and go to a tea factory to discover where the aroma comes from. Nuwara Eliya is Sri Lanka’s highest town at an altitude of almost 1900 meters, where a racecourse still brings the colonial era back to life. The stations have also retained their own colonial charm: in 1901, a signaling system was set up to make the long journey safer. And those suffering from the altitude can catch their breath at the final stop, the spa in Ella. _______ Exciting, powerful and informative – DW Documentary is always close to current affairs and international events. Our eclectic mix of award-winning films and reports take you straight to the heart of the story. Dive into different cultures, journey across distant lands, and discover the inner workings of modern-day life. Subscribe and explore the world around you – every day, one DW Documentary at a time. Subscribe to DW Documentary: For more information visit: Instagram Facebook: DW netiquette policy:


HISTORY: Ekaterinburg or Yekaterinburg is the fourth largest city in Russia. The city was founded in 1723 by the order of Peter the Great. It was named after the wife of Peter the Great, Yekaterina. In 1918, the last czar family was imprisoned, and later executed, in a house in Yekaterinburg which was later demolished. Between 1924 and 1991, the town was known as Sverdlovsk named after Communist party leader Yakov Sverdlov. VISIT : LOCATION The city lies along the Iset River, which is a tributary of the Tobol River, and on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, slightly east of the border between Europe and Asia. The city has a total area of 495 square kilometers TRANSPORT Yekaterinburg is the third largest transport hub of Russia. The city has 6 federal highways, 7 main railway lines, and an international airport. Yekaterinburg is an important railway junction, with lines radiating from it to all parts of the Urals and the rest of Russia. TOURISM: Yekaterinburg is a major center for the Russian tourist industry. In 2015, the city was one of the top five most visited Russian cities. Most tourists go to bow to the memory of the last Russian emperor and his family. POPULATION: With a population of 1.4 million people, Yekaterinburg is the 4th most populous city in Russia. Christianity is the predominant religion in the city, of which most are adherents to the Russian Orthodox Church. Other religions practiced in Yekaterinburg include Islam, Old Believers, Catholicism. Yekaterinburg has a large percentage of Muslims, but the community suffers from a lack of mosques in the city: with there are only 2 small mosques. ECONOMY: Yekaterinburg is one of the major industrial centres of Russia, especially for heavy engineering. The Uralmash produces heavy machinery . Engineering products manufactured in the city include metallurgical and chemical machinery, turbines, diesels, and ball bearings. During the Soviet period the city was a major centre of biological and chemical warfare research and development. During the Soviet Era, Sverdlovsk was turned into an industrial and administrative powerhouse that played a part in the Soviet Union's economy. Some of the tallest buildings in Russia are located in the city. SPORTS: Yekaterinburg is also a leading sports center in Russia. Yekaterinburg has a total of 1728 sports facilities, including 16 stadiums, 440 indoor gyms and 45 swimming pools. In 2018, Yekaterinburg is one of the 11 Russian cities that will host the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The matches will be played on the upgraded Central Stadium.

Trans-Siberian by Private Train

The epic Private Train Journey on the world's most famous Railroad Further Information: Over 30 years of experience - More than 30,000 satisfied guests. Director Michael Altenhenne has captured the journey on the Trans-Siberian by private train with his camera in a virtuoso manner. His impressions of Russia, Mongolia and China are perfect to lose oneself in the yearning for or maybe even one's own memories of the last genuine adventure trip on earth. The unique atmosphere onboard the comfortable private train, the sublime mood of the travellers and the natural and cultural wonders en route unfold their irresistible charm in this excellent documentary. Filmmaker: Michael Altenhenne (

China's New "Silk Road": Future MEGAPROJECTS

China's $1 trillion One Belt One Road (New Silk Road) initiative is unprecedented in size and scope. President Xi Jinping has sealed megaproject deals with 65 countries to construct ports, power stations, rail lines, roads, and all the tunnels and bridges needed to connect them back to mainland China. Get your free audiobook: Subscribe to TDC: Video by Bryce Plank and Robin West Music: "Electro Sketch" by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license ( Source: "Abstract Electronic" & "Dark Noir VHS Score" by "City of Industry" & "Dark Night" by Matt Stewart-Evans: Information sources: ...and the Internet. Script: Having recently completed both the world’s most extensive system of expressways and the planet’s longest high speed rail network, China is now looking beyond its borders for opportunities to keep building. President Xi Jinping announced at a recent summit that Beijing has sealed megaproject deals with 65 countries throughout Eurasia and Africa to construct ports, power stations, rail lines, roads, and all the tunnels and bridges needed to connect them back to mainland China. At a total cost of over $1 trillion, the One Belt, One Road initiative is unprecedented in size and scope. So is the bold funding mechanism: China will use its large, state-run banks to provide most of the financing, a risky move, when you consider how few of the nations in the O.B.O.R. could afford something like this on their own. “Oh,” say the leaders of economically-challenged, underdeveloped Laos, Yemen, or Ethiopia — or the blood-soaked regime of Bashar al-Assad in war-ravaged Syria — “you want to loan us billions of dollars to build some cool stuff in our countries? Of course, why not!?” China is hard-selling the project as a way to boost its westward connections, an update of the silk road trade route that played a significant role in developing China and the rest of the region 1,000 years ago. But many analysts see this comparison as little more than a marketing pitch. Al Jazeera clip: “Is the real point of this, East-West service then simply to boost China’s westward connections? [Pauline Loong] “Well I wouldn’t say simply to boost China’s westward connections, but I totally agree with Charles that it’s more a PR stunt. To call it the “Silk Road,” that’s really brilliant—evocative of romantic camel travels in the past. When, you know, you have these lovely silks and trade and so forth. And it’s good, because look at all the headlines it has been getting, but in practical terms, it’s early days yet.” [Bryce] Aside from the lessons China learned from its own recent infrastructure boom, Beijing is also drawing inspiration from the American Marshall Plan which financed the rebuilding of Western Europe after it was decimated during the second world war. That program was worth the equivalent of $130 billion in today’s dollars and ensured the US had reliable export markets for the manufactured goods and machinery its growing economy had become dependent on producing. China’s modern version — first announced in 2013 — is the signature initiative of President Xi Jinping. Several projects have already been completed. Earlier this year London became the 15th European city connected directly to China through an ever-expanding global rail system, meaning freight trains loaded with goods can now arrive after a 12,000km journey all the way from the east coast of the landmass. And, at a cost of $4 billion, China also just completed Africa’s first transnational electric railway, which runs 466 miles from Djibouti to Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. Chinese companies designed the system, built the line, and supplied the train cars...

Sochi is Russia’s only subtropical resort city located in Krasnodar krai, on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, 1,620 km south of Moscow. It has a total area of 3,526 square kilometers.


Sochi has a long history that dates back to Ancient Greek and Roman times. The first people appeared in the vicinity of present Sochi about 400-350 thousand years ago. The most famous monument of the Stone Age is Akhshtyr cave inhabited about 250 thousand years ago. In the first half of the 6th century BC, a large group of Scythian tribes settled on the coast of the Black Sea.
Greek colonization of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus began with the appearance of city-states in the 6th-5th centuries BC, and lasted until the 1st century BC. The period from the 1st century till the 5th century AD was the time of Roman colonization of the Black Sea coast.
In the 6th-15th centuries, the region was under control of various Christian kingdoms. As a result of the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829, the Russian Empire received the territory of present Sochi.

Sochi is located approximately midway between the North Pole and the equator, at the latitude of Nice, Toronto and Vladivostok. The length of the city on the Black Sea coastline is about 145 km. The urban area is located mainly along the coast, sometimes expanding into the mountain valleys.

Sochi is a major transportation hub of southern Russia. Sochi international airport offers flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Turkey, Armenia, Belarus and a number of other cities. Public transport is mainly represented by taxis and a small number of buses. An alternative way is to hire or rent a car.

Tourism and related services are the backbone of the local economy. The Big Sochi has a lot of hotels, motels, restaurants, cafes, bars, entertainment centers, water parks, marinas, piers etc. The most important factors that attract tourists in Sochi are its warm, subtropical climate, the Black Sea, mineral sources, and the mountains. its many beaches make the city popular in summer, while skiing in the nearby mountain makes it an ideal place for winter vacations.

Sochi is a Black Sea resort with a lively boardwalk and glorious sunsets. In summer, coastline nightclubs pump out booming baselines from dusk till dawn.

Population approaching 350,000. There are more than 30 Orthodox churches and chapels in the city. The Byzantine Empire brought Christianity to the Sochi region in the Middle Ages. Sochi is a large predominantly Christian city, though there are thought to be around 20,000 Muslims (5% of inhabitants) living there now. A mosque was built in 2008 by United Arab Emirates in the central area of Bytkha, in addition to the old mosque being around 40 km north of the city center.

In 2014, Sochi became the first city with a subtropical climate which held the Winter Olympics. Sochi tennis schools have trained such athletes as Maria Sharapova. Sochi is one of the host towns for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

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